The Pakistan Factor in Indian Election

Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) candidate Sunny Deol shows the victory sign after the outcome of Lok Sabha elections, at his residence, in Gurdaspur, Punjab, on Thursday, May 23, 2019. Deol defeated Congress’ Sunil Jakhar.

Muhammad Serajuddin in Karachi
Amid polarisation of Hindu voters, Bharatyia Janata Party’s (BJP) celebrity card worked again in the Gurdaspur Lok Sabha segment comprising two border districts — Gurdaspur and Pathankot — with actor-turned-politician Sunny Deol defeating Punjab Congress chief Sunil Jakhar by a margin of 77,009 votes.
Voters of Hindu-dominated assembly segments played a vital role in the victory of Sunny Deol, a Jat Sikh. He got lead from of Pathankot (29,381 votes), Bhoa (29,198 votes), Sujanpur (34,000), Dinanagar (20,522 votes) and Batala (974 votes) seats, which have a large number of Hindu voters.
But he trailed in the Sikh-dominated assembly segments. Despite being a Hindu face, Jakhar got a sizable lead in Jat-Sikh dominated assembly segments of Fatehgarh Churian and Dera Baba Nanak. He got the highest lead from Fatehgarh Churian (14,676 votes), the home turf of Punjab cabinet minister Tript Rajinder Singh Bajwa, and Dera Baba Nanak (12,102 votes), which is represented by minister Sukhjinder Singh Randhawa.
Although Pakistan-bashing was one of the primary election factors in India, it was a bit different in Tehsil, Gurdaspur, in Indian Punjab where Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan received wide coverage in public discussions for his initiative to construct the Kartarpur Corridor .
Voters in Gurudaspur did not assign credit for the Kartarpur Corridor to Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi. For them, the heroes are Imran Khan and another cricket player turned politician Navjot Singh Sidhu, a minister in the Punjab government,
The Kartarpur Corridor is a proposed corridor between India and Pakistan, connecting the Sikh shrines of Dera Baba Nanak Sahib (Punjab, India) and Gurudwara Darbar Sahib Kartarpur (Punjab, Pakistan).
Currently, the corridor is supposed to allow Sikh devotees from India to visit the Gurudwara in Kartarpur, 4.7 kilometers from the Indo-Pakistani border, without a visa. Last August, Sidhu announced that Pakistan Army chief Qamar Javed Bajwa had told him that Pakistan would open the Dera Baba Nanak-Kartarpur corridor on Guru Nanak’s 550th anniversary.
On November 28, 2018, Prime Minister Khan laid the foundation stone for the Kartarpur Corridor near Narowal district in Punjab province. The corridor was opened after Khan took over as prime minister, which helped his image, as people hailed him from both sides of the border. It was a good political move by Khan as the talks about the Kartarpur Corridor had carried on for years, but none of his predecessors paid attention to it. The heart-warming decision was widely welcomed. The pilgrimage helps the Sikh community enrich its tradition in a way it has been long waiting for.
It is perceived ved that the opening of the corridor would continue to help millions of Sikh devotees pay respects at the historic Sri Kartarpur Sahib Gurdwara, where the first Sikh Guru spent the last years of his li. It is located in Pakistan across the international border and partly visible from Dera Baba Nanak in Punjab’s Gurdaspur district.
If France and Germany, enemies during World War II, can have peaceful borders, and West Germany and East Germany could unite, why can’t India and Pakistan have friendly borders? Khan said during the Kartarpur Corridor’s opening ceremony.
The Indian government claims that the construction work on the proposed corridor is being completed on a war footing, but the situation on the ground is different. The work is being delayed due to small issues. The Indian government has identified 20 hectares of land, but permissions from various agencies are still pending. The only vantage point in India from which devotees were able to take darshan at the holy site was demolished quite in haste. The pace of work is quite slow and the Sikh community is now even more anxious to complete the project as soon as possible.
However, the work on the Pakistani side is well underway. India, on the other hand, remains suspicious regarding this issue, as the Khalistan independence movement may gain traction again. Punjabi is a common language across the border and people-to-people contact may not be in India’s interest. The Indian Sikh community is not very happy with Hindutva‘s discrimination against all non-Hindus in India.
The core issue between India and Pakistan is Kashmir. Pakistan’s claim to Kashmir via its Muslim-majority population was a fundamental principle on which the subcontinent was divided; India lays claims to Kashmir via the Hindu leadership of Kashmir, which ceded itself to India when there was an uprising against the ruler of Kashmir. The conflicts over Kashmir ended in a stalemate as the United Nations issued a mandatory order to stop the fighting over Kashmir and called for a referendum to be held within a resonable period of time. Pakistan and India must reconcile and be civil about Kashmir. A final referendum should be held so Kashmiris can decide whether to go or stay, as it is the most democratic and helpful solution. The founding fathers of both India and Pakistan imagined both countries acting well together. The Quaid-e-Azam, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founding father of Pakistan, wanted relations with India to be as close as those of the United States and Canada today.
However, people are wondering if Pakistan and India will start a nuclear war with each other. It is true that the Kartarpur Corridor gives Pakistan a huge international benefit. It will further enhance Pakistan‘s image in the global Sikh community. Pakistan has begun to enjoy substantial soft power in India. Pakistan already enjoys great influence and respect in the eyes of Indian Muslims. It is believed that the Pakistan factor will dominate Indian general elections for many years to come. India should accept the ground reality and resolve the issue through talks.
Support from Hindu-dominated segments for Deol.

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