Friday, November 16, 2012 CULTURE

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In remembrance of Zahir Raihan

Iqbal Hossain

 
Film is the universal form of art media that can satisfy the urge of all sections the global citizens irrespective of rich, poor, educated, uneducated, aged and under aged categories. From its start as a silent movie it has now entered in the digital era with a revolutionary changes in making films by incorporating sound, light, photography or animation. With its wider range of flexibility and technical advancement, it encompasses all forms of art works including fine art, dance, theatre, novel and poetry.
Someone seeks for pleasant elements through film and someone sees it for artistic satisfaction and other for increasing the level of knowledge and information. Many, however, find it merely a business venture. 
Films are made basically with two purposes- business and artistic. However, many people joined the film making merely for the sake of art and pleasure. Such films on many occasions also succeeded as a profitable business product. 
It is claimed that ‘Last Kiss’ (31) was the first film in Bangladesh. Though it was an amusing adventure based on work of some young sportsmen of Dhaka’s Nawab family. Last Kiss was a silent film but it was a living album of the then Dhaka city’s charming scenes. It was a regular incident that collision was shown among the rich about the prostitutes in this film. The story of the film was a depiction of real incident.
 In the real sense “Mukh O Mukhosh” (56) was the first talking-film of Bangladesh. Abdul Jabbar Khan was the director and story-writer of this film. This film was made on a robbery incident in Faridpur. The aim of this film was to bring out the mask of the anti social persons. It is known that the sound taking of Mukh O Mukhosh was very weak. 
“Aasia” (59) and “Akash O Mati” (60) directed by Fateh Lohani were made in background of rustic Bengal. The life history of middle and lower classes people here had partly been reflected through telling story easily and straightly. “Matir Pahar”(59), “Tomar Amar” (62) of Mohiuddin and “A Desh Tomar Amar” (59) of Ahetisam were also made in rustic background. 
Some documentary pictures of village development had been used in A Desh Tomar Amar. “Surjo Snan” (62) directed by Salauddin was made in depending upon Alauddin Al Azad’s story. In what way the working class people are being smashed which the director has pictured in his film. Notun Digonto (62) of Nazir Ahmad and Sayed Shamsul Haq, Sutarang (63) of Subash Datta, Dharapath (64) of Salauddin, Shith Bikel (64-65) of Mohiuddin and Nadi O Nari (65) of Sadeq Khan were created in rustic social picture. Nadi O Nari was made in depending upon renowned novelist Humayan Kabir. 
Many folk-story based films were made in the mid-sixties in the country. Pala gaan and Jatra gaan those have been amusing and inspiring the people of Bangladesh since long were pictured in films like Rupban, Gunibibi, Behula, Raja Sannashi, Julekha, Jarina Sundari etc.
In this circumstance Zahir Raihan emerged in then East Pakistan with his admirable film works . His films included Kokhono Aasini (61), Kanchar Dewal (63), Behula (66), Anowara (67), Jiban Theka Neya (70), Stop Genocide (71) and Birth of a Nation (71). Before Kokhono Aasini, he worked in the Jago Huye Savera (58) directed by A J Kadri as the chief assistant. Jago Huye Savera was wonderful document of fisher men hope and frustrations where the life along the river bank was perfectly pictured. 
The people of East Pakistan did passing their lives in very trouble in the military rule of Ayub Khan. They lost their democracy. Zahir Raihan’s coming into film making was a special addition. He brought contemporary social life for story telling in the film. As a result film’s story became strong, distinct and well accepted by the middle-class based society. 
His Kokhono Aasini was a picture of love-conflict and collision of artist’s life. Zahir Raihan’s Kancher Dewal was a life-portrait of the middle-class family. The dream and love scene of a fate distressed woman was impressive in fleeting shadow light of lamp in the night environment. The dialogue of this clean luster’s film was transparent and high standard. And acting and its music were alive and attractive. The director would like to say there are various walls around us such as invisible wall, hate’s wall, disappointment wall and greed’s wall but these walls are very fragile that can be removed easily. Breaking the barriers was the inspiring message of Zahir Raihan’s film . Kancher Dewal got five awards in different subjects for artistic skill and mechanism uplift in the Pakistan festival in 1965.
The pictures of contemporary political and social unrest of the then East Pakistan were not reflected in any film from ‘65 to ‘70. Even student movement of ‘62, six point movement of ‘66 and mass-upsurge of ‘69 were completely absent in the films. Kanch Kata Heray of Abdul Jabbar Khan, Pitch Dhala Path of Ahetasam and Alingon of Subash Datta released during this period, however, completely ignored contemporary socio-political conflicts.
 It is Zahir Raihan,s “Jiban Theka Naya” that made the exception in this regard. It was made, centralizing the language movement of ‘52 and mass-upsurge of ’69. The song “Amar bhayer rockte rangano Akushe February” was depicted in this film. The graves of Barkat, Salam and sketch which had been drawn in the pitch road in front of the shahid minar were shown in song’s time. The shooting of that scene was done under lighting of the motor track headlight. It sincerely depicted people’s struggle for freedom under the existing political and economical condition. 
There is also a filming of firing on procession of the people. “Stop Genocide” was a documentary film that was made on the basis of our liberation war. “Let there be light”, an unfinished work of Zahir Raihan received wider appreciation for his efforts to depict a living incident, the great struggle for liberation in a film. It is a serious risk taking job that he could film 70% work of killing, torture, injustices. It is a sad story that the great film maker went untraced soon after the liberation leaving the “Let there be light” unfinished. He disappeared on January 30, 1972 trying to locate his brother, the famous writer Shahidullah Kaiser, who was captured and killed by the Pakistan army with the help of their local collaborators during the last days of the war.

Comment

Iqbal Hossain

 
Film is the universal form of art media that can satisfy the urge of all sections the global citizens irrespective of rich, poor, educated, uneducated, aged and under aged categories. From its start as a silent movie it has now entered in the digital era with a revolutionary changes in making films by incorporating sound, light, photography or animation. With its wider range of flexibility and technical advancement, it encompasses all forms of art works including fine art, dance, theatre, novel and poetry.
Someone seeks for pleasant elements through film and someone sees it for artistic satisfaction and other for increasing the level of knowledge and information. Many, however, find it merely a business venture. 
Films are made basically with two purposes- business and artistic. However, many people joined the film making merely for the sake of art and pleasure. Such films on many occasions also succeeded as a profitable business product. 
It is claimed that ‘Last Kiss’ (31) was the first film in Bangladesh. Though it was an amusing adventure based on work of some young sportsmen of Dhaka’s Nawab family. Last Kiss was a silent film but it was a living album of the then Dhaka city’s charming scenes. It was a regular incident that collision was shown among the rich about the prostitutes in this film. The story of the film was a depiction of real incident.
 In the real sense “Mukh O Mukhosh” (56) was the first talking-film of Bangladesh. Abdul Jabbar Khan was the director and story-writer of this film. This film was made on a robbery incident in Faridpur. The aim of this film was to bring out the mask of the anti social persons. It is known that the sound taking of Mukh O Mukhosh was very weak. 
“Aasia” (59) and “Akash O Mati” (60) directed by Fateh Lohani were made in background of rustic Bengal. The life history of middle and lower classes people here had partly been reflected through telling story easily and straightly. “Matir Pahar”(59), “Tomar Amar” (62) of Mohiuddin and “A Desh Tomar Amar” (59) of Ahetisam were also made in rustic background. 
Some documentary pictures of village development had been used in A Desh Tomar Amar. “Surjo Snan” (62) directed by Salauddin was made in depending upon Alauddin Al Azad’s story. In what way the working class people are being smashed which the director has pictured in his film. Notun Digonto (62) of Nazir Ahmad and Sayed Shamsul Haq, Sutarang (63) of Subash Datta, Dharapath (64) of Salauddin, Shith Bikel (64-65) of Mohiuddin and Nadi O Nari (65) of Sadeq Khan were created in rustic social picture. Nadi O Nari was made in depending upon renowned novelist Humayan Kabir. 
Many folk-story based films were made in the mid-sixties in the country. Pala gaan and Jatra gaan those have been amusing and inspiring the people of Bangladesh since long were pictured in films like Rupban, Gunibibi, Behula, Raja Sannashi, Julekha, Jarina Sundari etc.
In this circumstance Zahir Raihan emerged in then East Pakistan with his admirable film works . His films included Kokhono Aasini (61), Kanchar Dewal (63), Behula (66), Anowara (67), Jiban Theka Neya (70), Stop Genocide (71) and Birth of a Nation (71). Before Kokhono Aasini, he worked in the Jago Huye Savera (58) directed by A J Kadri as the chief assistant. Jago Huye Savera was wonderful document of fisher men hope and frustrations where the life along the river bank was perfectly pictured. 
The people of East Pakistan did passing their lives in very trouble in the military rule of Ayub Khan. They lost their democracy. Zahir Raihan’s coming into film making was a special addition. He brought contemporary social life for story telling in the film. As a result film’s story became strong, distinct and well accepted by the middle-class based society. 
His Kokhono Aasini was a picture of love-conflict and collision of artist’s life. Zahir Raihan’s Kancher Dewal was a life-portrait of the middle-class family. The dream and love scene of a fate distressed woman was impressive in fleeting shadow light of lamp in the night environment. The dialogue of this clean luster’s film was transparent and high standard. And acting and its music were alive and attractive. The director would like to say there are various walls around us such as invisible wall, hate’s wall, disappointment wall and greed’s wall but these walls are very fragile that can be removed easily. Breaking the barriers was the inspiring message of Zahir Raihan’s film . Kancher Dewal got five awards in different subjects for artistic skill and mechanism uplift in the Pakistan festival in 1965.
The pictures of contemporary political and social unrest of the then East Pakistan were not reflected in any film from ‘65 to ‘70. Even student movement of ‘62, six point movement of ‘66 and mass-upsurge of ‘69 were completely absent in the films. Kanch Kata Heray of Abdul Jabbar Khan, Pitch Dhala Path of Ahetasam and Alingon of Subash Datta released during this period, however, completely ignored contemporary socio-political conflicts.
 It is Zahir Raihan,s “Jiban Theka Naya” that made the exception in this regard. It was made, centralizing the language movement of ‘52 and mass-upsurge of ’69. The song “Amar bhayer rockte rangano Akushe February” was depicted in this film. The graves of Barkat, Salam and sketch which had been drawn in the pitch road in front of the shahid minar were shown in song’s time. The shooting of that scene was done under lighting of the motor track headlight. It sincerely depicted people’s struggle for freedom under the existing political and economical condition. 
There is also a filming of firing on procession of the people. “Stop Genocide” was a documentary film that was made on the basis of our liberation war. “Let there be light”, an unfinished work of Zahir Raihan received wider appreciation for his efforts to depict a living incident, the great struggle for liberation in a film. It is a serious risk taking job that he could film 70% work of killing, torture, injustices. It is a sad story that the great film maker went untraced soon after the liberation leaving the “Let there be light” unfinished. He disappeared on January 30, 1972 trying to locate his brother, the famous writer Shahidullah Kaiser, who was captured and killed by the Pakistan army with the help of their local collaborators during the last days of the war.

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Selena Gomez, Justin Bieber breakup makes fans ‘Crying’

Cultural Reporter

 
For the most part, fans are pretty bummed that Justin Bieber and Selena Gomez are no longer a couple.
After news broke Saturday that the celebrity couple had called it quits, fans took to Twitter to express their sadness .
Shortly after the news broke of their breakup on Saturday, fans on both sides (and some neutral parties) began to react to the news, most of them upset to see that pop’s pre-eminent golden couple couldn’t make it work. “i feel sorry for both of them they were adorable!” Arianna shared on MTV News’ website.
“now he’s available for all of us LOL! i’m kidding...well they’re teenagers, it’s bound to happen,” Luvmichael wrote. “But i hope they can still be friends.”
Some of his biggest fans expressed their concern for the pop superstar as he mends his broken heart. HolyMolyIsBiebs wrote, “I feel bad because Justin is sad and heartbroken and I can’t be happy when I see him like this.”
Meanwhile other fans on Twitter hoped Selena is doing OK post-breakup. “Everyone talks about Justin and forget about Selena’s feelings,” @SelenatorPowers wrote.
While some fans picked sides, others remained impartial about the split.
@iLikeGirlsDaily wrote, “Selena and Justin broke up. I’m so sad. Ugh. Crying right now. lolololol.”
“I felt sad when I’ve heard the news that Selena and Justin broke up and don’t even know why... #wierd,” @dianaperillo07 wrote. @Mike_It_Is added, “If Justin Bieber and Selena Gomez can’t make it work, what chance do the rest of us have?”
DebbieMKempson used primarily emoticons to express her sadness, writing “Justin and Selena aren’t together this is so sad.”
Meanwhile, @thebieberswagg, had another for message voicing their heartbreak over the split, sharing, “Don’t cry about Justin and Selena breaking up when you were bitching about them when they were together.”
Sources confirmed the breakup noting that it reportedly went down a week ago, with the insider adding, “It was getting harder and harder to maintain a relationship.” Rumors that the couple had split began circulating over the past few weeks, when Bieber was spotted at a performance of “The Lion King” with a group that included 19-year-old Victoria’s Secret model Barbara Palvin.

Comment

Cultural Reporter

 
For the most part, fans are pretty bummed that Justin Bieber and Selena Gomez are no longer a couple.
After news broke Saturday that the celebrity couple had called it quits, fans took to Twitter to express their sadness .
Shortly after the news broke of their breakup on Saturday, fans on both sides (and some neutral parties) began to react to the news, most of them upset to see that pop’s pre-eminent golden couple couldn’t make it work. “i feel sorry for both of them they were adorable!” Arianna shared on MTV News’ website.
“now he’s available for all of us LOL! i’m kidding...well they’re teenagers, it’s bound to happen,” Luvmichael wrote. “But i hope they can still be friends.”
Some of his biggest fans expressed their concern for the pop superstar as he mends his broken heart. HolyMolyIsBiebs wrote, “I feel bad because Justin is sad and heartbroken and I can’t be happy when I see him like this.”
Meanwhile other fans on Twitter hoped Selena is doing OK post-breakup. “Everyone talks about Justin and forget about Selena’s feelings,” @SelenatorPowers wrote.
While some fans picked sides, others remained impartial about the split.
@iLikeGirlsDaily wrote, “Selena and Justin broke up. I’m so sad. Ugh. Crying right now. lolololol.”
“I felt sad when I’ve heard the news that Selena and Justin broke up and don’t even know why... #wierd,” @dianaperillo07 wrote. @Mike_It_Is added, “If Justin Bieber and Selena Gomez can’t make it work, what chance do the rest of us have?”
DebbieMKempson used primarily emoticons to express her sadness, writing “Justin and Selena aren’t together this is so sad.”
Meanwhile, @thebieberswagg, had another for message voicing their heartbreak over the split, sharing, “Don’t cry about Justin and Selena breaking up when you were bitching about them when they were together.”
Sources confirmed the breakup noting that it reportedly went down a week ago, with the insider adding, “It was getting harder and harder to maintain a relationship.” Rumors that the couple had split began circulating over the past few weeks, when Bieber was spotted at a performance of “The Lion King” with a group that included 19-year-old Victoria’s Secret model Barbara Palvin.

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Belarus, a country of dance and music

Cltural Correspondent

 
Folk music and dance band "RAY" was created at the Faculty of Folk Culture (Belarusian State Pedagogical University) in 1996. The band consists of students and teachers of Ethnology and Folkloristics Chair of BSPU.
Belarus is an Eastern European country with a rich tradition of folk and religious music. The country's folk music traditions can be traced back to the times of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In the 20th century, the Soviet control of the country somewhat limited musical development because nationally oriented music was considered subversive and dangerous to the Soviet authority. The country's musical traditions spread with its people to countries like Russia, Canada, United States, Kazakhstan, Latvia and Ukraine.
Documentation of its music stretches back to at least the 15th century. Prior to that, skomorokhs were the major profession for musicians. A neumatic chant, called znamenny, from the word 'znamia', meaning sign or neume, used until 16th century in Orthodox church music, followed by two hundreds of stylistic innovation that drew on the Renaissance and Protestant Reformation. In the 17th century, Partesnoe penie, part singing, became common for choruses, followed by private theaters established in cities like Minsk and Vitebsk.
Belarus’s opera and ballet companies have long-standing reputations. Their primary venue, the Opera and Ballet Theater (founded in 1932) in Minsk, holds regular and well-attended performances. The popular Theater of Musical Comedy (1970) is also located in the capital, as is the Belarusian Musical Academy (1932). Of the many orchestras in the country, the most prominent are the Belarusian State Philharmonic and the Belarusian State Symphony Orchestra. The state musical repertoire is under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Culture.
The National Ballet Theater of Belarus present their version of "Swan Lake" at Shanghai Grand Theater.
The leading drama theater in Belarus is the Yanka Kupala Belarusian State Academic Theater (1920), located in Minsk. Other major theaters include the Gorky Russian Theater (1932) in Babruysk, and the Yakub Kolas Belarusian State Academic Theater (1925) in Minsk. The avant-garde Minsk theater Vol’naya Stsena (Free Stage) opened in 1990 to focus on Belarusian drama and classics.
The State Dance Ensemble of Belarus is a leading choreographic collective of the country. It was created almost 50 years ago and after a number of years it became the best professional collective of Belarus. In October 1999 the government of the republic conferred the ensemble an honorary title of Honoured Collective of the Republic of Belarus.
There are more than 50 actively used concert turns in the group repertoire, which are combined into several big programs. The Program "Belarusian Casket" has gathered traditional and genre Belarusian folk dances, the program "Round Dance of Friends" is composed of the world peoples dances and of the peoples that inhabit Belarus, the program "The Song about Bison" is dedicated to the most interesting pages of the centuries-old history of the Belarusians. Repertoire of the Honored Collective of the Republic of BelarusState Dance Ensemble of Belarus State Institution
Concerts of the State Dance Ensemble of the Republic of Belarus enchant the audience with wonderful colours of costumes, beautiful melodies, masterly feats, exciting performance of dances. The Ensemble is renowned in every corner of Belarus and in the CIS-states. The mastership of artists was repeatedly greeted with applause in China, the USA, Italy, France, Spain, Brazil, Germany, India, Sri Lanka, Yugoslavia, the Netherlands, Egypt, the Lebanon and other countries of the world. 
The Belarusian government sponsors many annual cultural festivals: Slavianski Bazaar in Vitebsk; "Minsk Spring"; "Slavonic Theatrical Meetings"; International Jazz Festival; National Harvesting Festival; "Arts for Children and Youth"; Competition of Youth Variety Show Arts; "Muses of Niesvizh"; "Mir Castle"; and the National Festival of the Belarusian Song and Poetry. 
These events showcase talented Belarusian performers, whether it is in music, art, poetry, dance or theater. At these festivals, various prizes named after Soviet and Belarusian heroes are awarded for excellence in music or art.

Comment

Cltural Correspondent

 
Folk music and dance band "RAY" was created at the Faculty of Folk Culture (Belarusian State Pedagogical University) in 1996. The band consists of students and teachers of Ethnology and Folkloristics Chair of BSPU.
Belarus is an Eastern European country with a rich tradition of folk and religious music. The country's folk music traditions can be traced back to the times of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In the 20th century, the Soviet control of the country somewhat limited musical development because nationally oriented music was considered subversive and dangerous to the Soviet authority. The country's musical traditions spread with its people to countries like Russia, Canada, United States, Kazakhstan, Latvia and Ukraine.
Documentation of its music stretches back to at least the 15th century. Prior to that, skomorokhs were the major profession for musicians. A neumatic chant, called znamenny, from the word 'znamia', meaning sign or neume, used until 16th century in Orthodox church music, followed by two hundreds of stylistic innovation that drew on the Renaissance and Protestant Reformation. In the 17th century, Partesnoe penie, part singing, became common for choruses, followed by private theaters established in cities like Minsk and Vitebsk.
Belarus’s opera and ballet companies have long-standing reputations. Their primary venue, the Opera and Ballet Theater (founded in 1932) in Minsk, holds regular and well-attended performances. The popular Theater of Musical Comedy (1970) is also located in the capital, as is the Belarusian Musical Academy (1932). Of the many orchestras in the country, the most prominent are the Belarusian State Philharmonic and the Belarusian State Symphony Orchestra. The state musical repertoire is under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Culture.
The National Ballet Theater of Belarus present their version of "Swan Lake" at Shanghai Grand Theater.
The leading drama theater in Belarus is the Yanka Kupala Belarusian State Academic Theater (1920), located in Minsk. Other major theaters include the Gorky Russian Theater (1932) in Babruysk, and the Yakub Kolas Belarusian State Academic Theater (1925) in Minsk. The avant-garde Minsk theater Vol’naya Stsena (Free Stage) opened in 1990 to focus on Belarusian drama and classics.
The State Dance Ensemble of Belarus is a leading choreographic collective of the country. It was created almost 50 years ago and after a number of years it became the best professional collective of Belarus. In October 1999 the government of the republic conferred the ensemble an honorary title of Honoured Collective of the Republic of Belarus.
There are more than 50 actively used concert turns in the group repertoire, which are combined into several big programs. The Program "Belarusian Casket" has gathered traditional and genre Belarusian folk dances, the program "Round Dance of Friends" is composed of the world peoples dances and of the peoples that inhabit Belarus, the program "The Song about Bison" is dedicated to the most interesting pages of the centuries-old history of the Belarusians. Repertoire of the Honored Collective of the Republic of BelarusState Dance Ensemble of Belarus State Institution
Concerts of the State Dance Ensemble of the Republic of Belarus enchant the audience with wonderful colours of costumes, beautiful melodies, masterly feats, exciting performance of dances. The Ensemble is renowned in every corner of Belarus and in the CIS-states. The mastership of artists was repeatedly greeted with applause in China, the USA, Italy, France, Spain, Brazil, Germany, India, Sri Lanka, Yugoslavia, the Netherlands, Egypt, the Lebanon and other countries of the world. 
The Belarusian government sponsors many annual cultural festivals: Slavianski Bazaar in Vitebsk; "Minsk Spring"; "Slavonic Theatrical Meetings"; International Jazz Festival; National Harvesting Festival; "Arts for Children and Youth"; Competition of Youth Variety Show Arts; "Muses of Niesvizh"; "Mir Castle"; and the National Festival of the Belarusian Song and Poetry. 
These events showcase talented Belarusian performers, whether it is in music, art, poetry, dance or theater. At these festivals, various prizes named after Soviet and Belarusian heroes are awarded for excellence in music or art.

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Strindberg remembered in Oslo

Anisur Rahman in Oslo

 
The people of Oslo on Sunday celebrated the 100th anniversary of death of Swedish playwright August Strindberg, who is considered to be the Shakespeare of Scandinavia. 
Voksenaasen Conference and Cultural Centre in collaboration with Norwegian-Swedish Association and Swedish Embassy in Oslo paid tribute to the father of modern Swedish literature through elaborate programmes. 
These were: exhibitions of original photographs taken by Strindberg, glass art show based on concepts from Strindberg’s works, performance of his Dream Play and discussion about his life and works. 
Swedish ambassador Ingrid Hjelt af Trolle inaugurated the programs. Karl Einar Ellingsen, John Y. Jones from Voksenaasen, artist for glass art show Kosta Boda, Kjell Engman and Dick Johansson from Klassbols weaving show talked at the opening. 
This writer talked about his play Resa i natten (Night Journey), a production based on life and works of Strindberg and Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen. The play has been produced by Gottsunda dans and Teater in Sweden. 
Two Norwegian theatre artists Helena Klaren and Morten Jostad performed in Strindberg’s Dream Play. 
Strindberg’s biographer from Oslo University Sten-Olof Ullstrom talked about historical reference in Strindberg’s dramatic works. 
Strindberg was born in 1849 and died in 1912. He produced 61 plays, ten thousand letters in 22 volumes, three collection of poems and thirty volumes of fiction and prose. 
He wrote 58 plays, an autobiography (9 volumes, A Soul's Advance, 1886-1903)
The Outlaw, Master Olof, The Red Room, Swedish People at Work and Play, The New Country, Lucky Pehr, Swedish Destiny and Adventure, Poetry in Verse and Prose, Sleepwalker Awakens to the Day, Married I-II, short stories, Utopian on Reality and Son of a Servant are some of his books.

 

Comment

Anisur Rahman in Oslo

 
The people of Oslo on Sunday celebrated the 100th anniversary of death of Swedish playwright August Strindberg, who is considered to be the Shakespeare of Scandinavia. 
Voksenaasen Conference and Cultural Centre in collaboration with Norwegian-Swedish Association and Swedish Embassy in Oslo paid tribute to the father of modern Swedish literature through elaborate programmes. 
These were: exhibitions of original photographs taken by Strindberg, glass art show based on concepts from Strindberg’s works, performance of his Dream Play and discussion about his life and works. 
Swedish ambassador Ingrid Hjelt af Trolle inaugurated the programs. Karl Einar Ellingsen, John Y. Jones from Voksenaasen, artist for glass art show Kosta Boda, Kjell Engman and Dick Johansson from Klassbols weaving show talked at the opening. 
This writer talked about his play Resa i natten (Night Journey), a production based on life and works of Strindberg and Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen. The play has been produced by Gottsunda dans and Teater in Sweden. 
Two Norwegian theatre artists Helena Klaren and Morten Jostad performed in Strindberg’s Dream Play. 
Strindberg’s biographer from Oslo University Sten-Olof Ullstrom talked about historical reference in Strindberg’s dramatic works. 
Strindberg was born in 1849 and died in 1912. He produced 61 plays, ten thousand letters in 22 volumes, three collection of poems and thirty volumes of fiction and prose. 
He wrote 58 plays, an autobiography (9 volumes, A Soul's Advance, 1886-1903)
The Outlaw, Master Olof, The Red Room, Swedish People at Work and Play, The New Country, Lucky Pehr, Swedish Destiny and Adventure, Poetry in Verse and Prose, Sleepwalker Awakens to the Day, Married I-II, short stories, Utopian on Reality and Son of a Servant are some of his books.

 


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