Friday, December 15, 2017 LETTERS

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Corruption decreases the growth rate by 2-3 per cent

Dear Editor:
Corruption is the number one obstruction to development and economic growth of the country. This refers to the correctly argued article on the above subject by Mr. A.M.K.Chowdhury which was properly praised by S. Noorus Salam from Uttara (dated January 08, 2016). Corruption encourages individuals to make fortune. Dishonesty  includes bribery, toll collection, favouritism in  government procurement, politicization of the civil service, money laundering, swindling money from the state –owned banks through fake documents and LC (letter of credit), smuggling, import and export through under invoicing and over invoicing and so on. Bribery or kickbacks is the unfair use of favours in exchange for gain. It is the most common form of corruption.
Finance Minister A M A Muhith said corruption is more harmful than political unrest in the country. The production cost increases by 2 to 3 per cent of GDP (gross domestic product) due to corruption. The growth rate decreases by 2/3 per cent. And it decreases 1 (one) per cent of GDP due to political  unrest.  Thus the country suffers a loss of TK. 45 (forty five) thousand crore per annum t the rate of 3 per cent of GDP due to corruption. (The Daily Naya Diganta, dated  July 10, 2015).
After the Awami League (AL) – led alliance government came to power the country witnessed share scam. Padma bridge scam, Hallmark group scam, Destiny group scam, Unipay 2U scam, Bismillah group scam, bank loan scam, railway recruitment business scandal, VOIP (Voice Over Internal Protocol) scandal etc. All these scandals facilitated the fortunate persons mostly ruling party men to misappropriate and plunder crore of public money, which needless to say, could be used for country’s development. These scandals are the result of corruption. In recent years a scam has developed to show the progress od education in the country. This is called ‘‘question leakage scam.’’
The Daily Star on April 27, 2015 reported that the High Court (HC) directed a court in Chittagong to initiate the trial against  suspended General Manager (GM) Yusuf Ali Mridha of Bangladesh Railway (BR), East Zone, who was earlier dropped from the charge- sheet submitted  by the Anti  Corruption Commission (ACC).
Shafiq Adnan Nabil
Neelkhet, Dhaka

Comment

Dear Editor:
Corruption is the number one obstruction to development and economic growth of the country. This refers to the correctly argued article on the above subject by Mr. A.M.K.Chowdhury which was properly praised by S. Noorus Salam from Uttara (dated January 08, 2016). Corruption encourages individuals to make fortune. Dishonesty  includes bribery, toll collection, favouritism in  government procurement, politicization of the civil service, money laundering, swindling money from the state –owned banks through fake documents and LC (letter of credit), smuggling, import and export through under invoicing and over invoicing and so on. Bribery or kickbacks is the unfair use of favours in exchange for gain. It is the most common form of corruption.
Finance Minister A M A Muhith said corruption is more harmful than political unrest in the country. The production cost increases by 2 to 3 per cent of GDP (gross domestic product) due to corruption. The growth rate decreases by 2/3 per cent. And it decreases 1 (one) per cent of GDP due to political  unrest.  Thus the country suffers a loss of TK. 45 (forty five) thousand crore per annum t the rate of 3 per cent of GDP due to corruption. (The Daily Naya Diganta, dated  July 10, 2015).
After the Awami League (AL) – led alliance government came to power the country witnessed share scam. Padma bridge scam, Hallmark group scam, Destiny group scam, Unipay 2U scam, Bismillah group scam, bank loan scam, railway recruitment business scandal, VOIP (Voice Over Internal Protocol) scandal etc. All these scandals facilitated the fortunate persons mostly ruling party men to misappropriate and plunder crore of public money, which needless to say, could be used for country’s development. These scandals are the result of corruption. In recent years a scam has developed to show the progress od education in the country. This is called ‘‘question leakage scam.’’
The Daily Star on April 27, 2015 reported that the High Court (HC) directed a court in Chittagong to initiate the trial against  suspended General Manager (GM) Yusuf Ali Mridha of Bangladesh Railway (BR), East Zone, who was earlier dropped from the charge- sheet submitted  by the Anti  Corruption Commission (ACC).
Shafiq Adnan Nabil
Neelkhet, Dhaka


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Interplanetary travel and EM propulsion

Dear Editor:
The biggest hurdle to interplanetary travel has been fuel. Rockets to the moon are fueled by combustion gases; but how can you carry enough fuel to travel to distant planets, out there in distant space? The breakthrough has come from fuel conscious NASA scientists at Johnson Space Center in USA; who recently tested an electromagnetic (EM) propulsion drive, that could replace the traditional propellants now used during space flights. Scientists at Johnson Space Center were the first to conduct such trials under similar conditions of vacuum, that is the norm for space flights.
It was accepted earlier that EM Drives worked all right in theory; but could not overcome certain fundamental principles of physics. This changed in mid-2016 when a NASA research team led by Harold White, presented their findings at a conference in Ohio, USA. The key to their success was based on Quantum Vacuum.
The practical application of EM Drives, to space flights, and more directly to space stations was brought closer to reality by Professor Juan Yang in China; whose research showed that such drives may provide the necessary power to enable the International Space Station to function without the need for energy re-boost from visiting space vehicles. The only problem was overcoming the complex physics of propulsion in space.
By performing the tests in vacuum, NASA’s team were able to show that the thrust produced by EM drives elucidated by Prof. Yang could actually work within the extraordinary environment of space, eliminate the need for any propellant, extending the boundaries of space travel. More so as the technologies required for EM Drives are already in use on high-power communication satellites.
If all goes as planned; EM Drives could revolutionize interplanetary travel. With EM drive application, the moon will be only a short four-hour flight away. Thinking ahead, there could well be 70-day excursion to Mars; within the next few years. From transAtlantic travel; the day is not far away when a trip to the Moon or Mars, could well be part of our holiday travel plan!
The information is based on R.K.Wentz’s write-up on the subject, sourced from www.sciencetimes.com article.
Engr. S. A. Mansoor
Dhaka

Comment

Dear Editor:
The biggest hurdle to interplanetary travel has been fuel. Rockets to the moon are fueled by combustion gases; but how can you carry enough fuel to travel to distant planets, out there in distant space? The breakthrough has come from fuel conscious NASA scientists at Johnson Space Center in USA; who recently tested an electromagnetic (EM) propulsion drive, that could replace the traditional propellants now used during space flights. Scientists at Johnson Space Center were the first to conduct such trials under similar conditions of vacuum, that is the norm for space flights.
It was accepted earlier that EM Drives worked all right in theory; but could not overcome certain fundamental principles of physics. This changed in mid-2016 when a NASA research team led by Harold White, presented their findings at a conference in Ohio, USA. The key to their success was based on Quantum Vacuum.
The practical application of EM Drives, to space flights, and more directly to space stations was brought closer to reality by Professor Juan Yang in China; whose research showed that such drives may provide the necessary power to enable the International Space Station to function without the need for energy re-boost from visiting space vehicles. The only problem was overcoming the complex physics of propulsion in space.
By performing the tests in vacuum, NASA’s team were able to show that the thrust produced by EM drives elucidated by Prof. Yang could actually work within the extraordinary environment of space, eliminate the need for any propellant, extending the boundaries of space travel. More so as the technologies required for EM Drives are already in use on high-power communication satellites.
If all goes as planned; EM Drives could revolutionize interplanetary travel. With EM drive application, the moon will be only a short four-hour flight away. Thinking ahead, there could well be 70-day excursion to Mars; within the next few years. From transAtlantic travel; the day is not far away when a trip to the Moon or Mars, could well be part of our holiday travel plan!
The information is based on R.K.Wentz’s write-up on the subject, sourced from www.sciencetimes.com article.
Engr. S. A. Mansoor
Dhaka


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